Integer division in modern C always rounds towards zero. For example:
9/2 => 4 -9/2 => -4 (not -5)
This was was not always so. In early C versions and in the C89 standard, positive integer division rounded to zero, but result of negative integer division was implementation dependent!
From §3.3.5 Multiplicative operators of the C89 standard:
When integers are divided and the division is inexact, if both operands are positive the result of the
/operator is the largest integer less than the algebraic quotient and the result of the
%operator is positive. If either operand is negative, whether the result of the
/operator is the largest integer less than the algebraic quotient or the smallest integer greater than the algebraic quotient is implementation-defined, as is the sign of the result of the
%operator. If the quotient
a/bis representable, the expression
(a/b)*b + a%bshall equal
The same appears in the first edition of The C Programming Language book by Kernighan and Ritchie.
This implementation-defined behavior was fixed by the C99 standard which defined that integer division always rounds towards zero.
From §6.5.5 Multiplicative operators of the C99 standard:
When integers are divided, the result of the
/operator is the algebraic quotient with any fractional part discarded.
Thanks to Arch for pointing this out.