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Skype error on libGL shared library

📅 2015-Sep-15 ⬩ ✍️ Ashwin Nanjappa ⬩ 🏷️ error, opengl, shared library, skype ⬩ 📚 Archive

Problem

I installed Skype from here using the package for Ubuntu 12.04 Multiarch. When I ran Skype from the Dash, nothing happened. When I ran Skype from the shell, I found that it quit with this error:

$ skype
skype: error while loading shared libraries: libGL.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Solution

$ ldd /usr/bin/skype | grep libGL
libGL.so.1 => not found
libGL.so.1 => not found

So yes, the shared library file is not found.

$ ldconfig -p | grep libGL.so.1
libGL.so.1 (libc6,x86-64) => /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1

So, a 64-bit shared library of the required name was present in the cache!

$ file /usr/bin/skype
/usr/bin/skype: ELF 32-bit LSB  shared object, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked (uses shared libs), for GNU/Linux 2.6.24, stripped

This was a 32-bit executable. Might it require a 32-bit shared library and could this be causing the problem?

$ sudo update-alternatives --config i386-linux-gnu_gl_conf

I found that currently the GL library files provided by /usr/lib/nvidia-352/alt_ld.so.conf, that is, by my NVIDIA drivers was being used. I picked the /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/mesa/ld.so.conf which is by MESA. This only sets the symbolic link for the /etc/ld.so.conf.d/i386-linux-gnu_GL.conf from the NVIDIA conf file to the MESA conf file.

$ sudo ldconfig
$ ldconfig -p | grep libGL.so.1
libGL.so.1 (libc6,x86-64) => /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1
libGL.so.1 (libc6) => /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1

We can see that we now have an additional entry, which has no architecture specified, but it is for 32-bit by default.

$ ldd /usr/bin/skype | grep libGL
libGL.so.1 => /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1 (0xf16b5000)

Yes, they are! I ran Skype after this and it worked fine! 😄

Tried with: Skype 4.3 (multiarch) and Ubuntu 14.04