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How to use lock_guard in C++

📅 2015-Jan-14 ⬩ ✍️ Ashwin Nanjappa ⬩ 📚 Archive

A lock_guard simplifies the usage of mutex in C++. It holds a lock on its mutex from the time it is created to the end of its scope. This simplifies the writing of locking and unlocking code using a mutex.

See this earlier example for usage of a mutex to control concurrent access to a queue from multiple threads. Below is the same written using lock guard:

#include <mutex>
#include <queue>
 
std::queue<int> q; // Queue which multiple threads might add/remove from
std::mutex m; // Mutex to protect this queue
 
void AddToQueue(int i)
{
    std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lg(m); // Lock will be held from here to end of function
    q.push(i);
}
 
int RemoveFromQueue()
{
    int i = -1;
    {
        std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lg(m); // Lock held from here to end of scope
        if (!q.empty())
        {
            i = q.front();
            q.pop();
        }
    }
    return i;
}

Tried with: Visual C++ 2013