I compiled and linked an OpenGL program with
-lGL. On executing the program, I got this runtime error:
Inconsistency detected by ld.so: dl-version.c: 224: _dl_check_map_versions: Assertion `needed != ((void *)0)' failed!
The cryptic error message held some clues. I guessed there was some inconsistency between the various shared library files being linked into the program.
Searching for the OpenGL library gave multiple results:
$ locate libGL.so /usr/lib/nvidia-331/libGL.so /usr/lib/nvidia-331/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib/nvidia-331/libGL.so.331.38 /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libGL.so /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1.2.0 /usr/lib32/nvidia-331/libGL.so /usr/lib32/nvidia-331/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib32/nvidia-331/libGL.so.331.38
There seemed to be two versions of the library file: one from MESA located in the standard library directory and another from NVIDIA located in its own directory. I guessed that the MESA file must be getting linked and at runtime it could not work with the NVIDIA display driver. A bit of Googling ended up in this bug report which painted a similar picture.
This bug was not yet fixed for my Ubuntu system. So, explicitly using the NVIDIA library file for linking, using
-L/usr/lib/nvidia-331 acted as a workaround for this error. The program compiled and executed without any errors.
Tried with: NVIDIA drivers 331, Ubuntu 14.04 and NVIDIA GeForce 9600 GT