How to install Git

Installing Git is easy in Ubuntu:

$ sudo apt install git

However, Ubuntu ships with old versions of Git and development on Git is progressing rapidly. New stable releases of Git drop once every 6 months or less.

The latest Git stable releases can be installed using their PPA:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:git-core/ppa
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install git

Tried with: Ubuntu 15.10 and Git 2.9

How to list PPA repositories

The Y PPA Manager is a GUI that can be used to view, add or remove PPA repositories in Ubuntu. If you prefer the shell, the add-apt-repository program can be used to add or remove PPA repositories. However, there is no program that lists the PPA repositories you have added to your system.

Here is a popular shell script that lists PPA repositories:

#! /bin/sh
# listppa Script to get all the PPA installed on a system ready to share for reininstall
# From:
for APT in `find /etc/apt/ -name \*.list`; do
grep -o "^deb\-]\+/[a-z0-9\-]\+" $APT | while read ENTRY ; do
USER=`echo $ENTRY | cut -d/ -f4`
PPA=`echo $ENTRY | cut -d/ -f5`
echo sudo apt-add-repository ppa:$USER/$PPA

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Tried with: Ubuntu 14.04

How to install Fish

Fish is a modern shell that has user-friendly features like colors and auto-completion and works right out of the box.

Ubuntu already ships Fish, so installing it is easy:

$ sudo apt install fish

The version of Fish that Ubuntu maintains is quite old. Fish is under active development, with lots of new features added regularly. If you want the latest stable version of Fish:

$ sudo apt remove fish
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fish-shell/release-2
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt install fish

If you want the latest beta version of Fish:

$ sudo apt remove fish
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fish-shell/beta-2
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt install fish

Tried with: Fish 2.2b1 and Ubuntu 14.04

Y PPA Manager


Y PPA Manager is a simple GUI tool to manage your PPAs and the packages installed from them. You can list PPAs, delete or purge PPAs, install or remove packages from PPAs.

To install Y PPA Manager:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager

Tried with: Y PPA Manager 2014.08.18 and Ubuntu 14.04

How to install new version of Blender in Ubuntu

The version of Blender that ships with Ubuntu is almost always old. This is a problem because a lot of Blender addons available on the web are continuously updated to work with only the most recent versions. To be able to use these addons, you need to install a more recent version of Blender. Thankfully, there are many PPAs that offer recent builds of Blender for most Ubuntu versions.

First, I uninstalled the default version of Blender. Next, I added the PPA ppa:irie/blender maintained by Irie Shinsuke and updated. Finally, I installed Blender from the PPA. The whole process takes only a few steps:

$ sudo apt-get remove blender
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:irie/blender
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install blender

On Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, with this upgrade I went from Blender 2.62 to 2.69 easily πŸ™‚

How to install plugins for Rhythmbox

Rhythmbox ships with a lot of plugins. But there exists a lot of useful plugins available online. Installing these plugins is not straightforward. Thankfully, fossfreedom has compiled many of these plugins and made them available on his PPA.

To install these Rhythmbox plugins, just add the PPA ppa:fossfreedom/rhythmbox-plugins The plugin package names all have the prefix rhythmbox-plugin and can be installed as usual.

Tried with: Ubuntu 12.04 LTS