Many common programs on Linux are maintained as chain of symbolic links. For example, the old
cc command will usually be a symlink to
gcc, which itself will be a symlink to a specific version of gcc, for example
gcc-4.8. Tools such as package installers use symlinks to install, uninstall and switch between multiple versions of the same program.
Given a file or directory, it would be educational to know its chain of symlinks and the final terminating file or directory.
readlinkcommand can be used if you just want to resolve the symlink and know what is the final file or directory in the chain. Example:
readlink -m foo_symlink
nameicommand is more interesting to me. It can show the full chain of symlinks in a beautiful hierarchical manner. I like to invoke it as:
namei -mv foo_symlink
An example output on my system:
$ namei -mv /usr/bin/cc f: /usr/bin/cc Drwxr-xr-x / drwxr-xr-x usr drwxr-xr-x bin lrwxrwxrwx cc -> /etc/alternatives/cc Drwxr-xr-x / drwxr-xr-x etc drwxr-xr-x alternatives lrwxrwxrwx cc -> /usr/bin/gcc Drwxr-xr-x / drwxr-xr-x usr drwxr-xr-x bin lrwxrwxrwx gcc -> /etc/alternatives/gcc Drwxr-xr-x / drwxr-xr-x etc drwxr-xr-x alternatives lrwxrwxrwx gcc -> /usr/bin/ccache Drwxr-xr-x / drwxr-xr-x usr drwxr-xr-x bin -rwxr-xr-x ccache