How to warn on shadow declaration

Shadow declarations are a major source of misunderstanding and bugs in C or C++ code. C and C++ allow shadow declarations, but this is one of those features that is better not used in production code that needs to be understood and maintained by multiple people.

  • Use the -Wshadow compiler option to be warned about shadow declarations.

  • Note that this option is not part of -Wall or -Wextra, so you will need to explicitly add this to your build.

  • You might find that header files you included from external libraries might throw this warning. (I have faced this with the OpenNI library.) In such a case, ignore this warning only for that particular header file inclusion by using diagnostic pragma, as described here .

Tried with: GCC 5.1 and Ubuntu 14.04

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